Category Archives: Cyber Law

5 Little Known Legal and Management Tips for Businesses in the US

Like many entrepreneurs before your time, you are embarking on the challenging — yet rewarding — venture to open your very first business in the United States. You have planned everything. You are very eager to push your dream into reality, but before you do so, here are a few more legal tips you may consider handy to guarantee a successful financial venture in the United States.

Distinguish Your Personal Funds from Your Business Funds – One of the most common mistakes of many businesspersons is the mingling of their personal and business funds. Initially, it may look less of a trouble, but studies reveal that this move has been the major cause of a company’s bankruptcy.

Business legal advice recommends business owners to keep personal assets secure and far from being at risk due to corporate actions. Take advantage of the checking system to monitor your cash flow. Never use your business account to pay for personal expenses. Open a separate bank account for your business and avoid spending your business funds for personal expenses. Secure a Federal Tax Identification Number for you business and file the necessary paperwork to cement the structure of your company.

Trademark Protection – Protect your trademark from intellectual property abuse. Register the trademark of the company and feel free to use it in your correspondences and advertising materials. Do not end up realizing too late that another has filed an earlier claim for the rights of a trademark you have been circulating for the past months. It would bring much trouble in your finances because of the legalities that have to be resolved in court. Hire the services of a lawyer trained to register business entities and be a legitimate business in the US.

Be Up-to-Date with Legal Laws in Your City, County and State – Employment law constantly changes. It would help if you have a legal entity assisting you with the contract draft of your employees. Guarantee that all the required benefits of your employees are provided to avoid any grounds of possible employee-employer disputes. This is one of the rarely regarded legal tips in business. However, it has also become one of the downfalls of even experienced companies in the past. See to it that you seek legal advice for most of the business action you wish to fulfill to avoid legal conflicts.
Watchful Eye on the Cash Flow – The life of your business greatly relies on a smooth cash flow. This could only be achieved if all the terms of your trade are clearly stated in the terms and condition. Always give a contract draft to your partner or customer before closing a deal. Let them read it and ensure they understand the agreement. This minute initiative will help save you in court. Establish excellent professionalism both verbally and in print. Treat this as an asset that your customers and clients will admire, while it protects your assets in the future.
Legal Business Registration – The laws of the US for businesses are strictly implemented. If you were caught illegally operating a business then it would result to large penalties. Always prioritize the registration of your company and the submission of all the required documents that will give you license to do business in the US. It may be tempting to avoid taxes, but the IRS is one of the most efficient departments of the government and it would not take them long to spot your business’ non-payment of appropriate taxes. When this happens, it may mean the end of your business accompanied by several penalties that has to be paid.Before entering a business venture or establishing a business in the US, consult your move with Avvo.com. It is the cyber home of over 100,000 expert lawyers that offer free service to the public. Visit the site and read some of the questions posted by other businesspersons. Learn how to legally proceed with your business transactions through its list of legal tips and business legal advice. Do your company a favor. Save time and money and indulge with the wealth of legal information Avvo.com is willing to offer.

 

Some Tips for the Fight Against Cyberbullying

So you’ve heard about all the negative things that have been happening with people being trolled and abused over the internet. You are concerned that your child may be at risk or there are signs that he or she may be subject to such terrible treatment. What to do? Let’s take a look at the top ten ways that cyberbullying can be avoided:

1. Don’t be a fool. Don’t be so naive to think that people don’t lie. They do and frequently. The shield of the internet is the perfect haven for predators/criminals to attack unassuming people and to lie neurotically. Naivite and innocence are two different things. You can still be innocent but not be naive. Being naive is a sure fire way of getting yourself hurt, especially with cyberbullies. Understand clearly that everyone is not like you. There are a lot of abusive people out there. Just face that fact and you will be on your way.

2. Keep what is private, private. Why should you go off and give private information to someone you have never met before in person? Think before you do. Don’t be desperate. Desperate souls get taken advantage of.

3. If someone sends you an abusive mail or message, do not respond. Close down your computer or navigate somewhere else. Escalation of anger goes no where and could lead to more violence.

4. If you are getting emails or messages from people you don’t know or didn’t request info from, don’t bother opening it. What for? Someone messaging you telling you you’ve won the lottery just doesn’t happen. Just stay away!

5. Private is private. Do not feel the need to post very personal information indiscriminately. The social media generation has everyone believing that it is “cool” or “right” to expose everything to the public. This just isn’t the case. Be discrete about what you post and always keep in mind whatever you post will always have an internet footprint. Caution is advised.

6. When you send messages to people, make sure you know what you are saying. Impulsive messages can spur a boatload of hate, in some instances. It would better to go through what you wrote two or three times before sending. This is not censorship, this is discretion.

7. Be aware of the subjects you are talking about. Some topics can be highly charged and can easily give way to cyber abuse and violence.

8. Learn to forward messages with a blind copy instead of a CC. It will serve you better in the long run.

9. Don’t send garbage emails and messages to your friends. If you know something is garbage, why pass it along? Would you send the meat rinds to your friend after you have eaten the t-bone steak? Of course not. Same applies in the virtual world.

10. Take a break from the virtual world from time to time. Often staying away from something will give perspective and reflection. Sometimes you can see things better from a distance. This may give you a better understanding of what is going on in your own cyber-world.

6 Basic Tips on How to Protect Your Computer Files From Hackers

Here’s the scenario. You left your computer on in just a while, when you came back there’s already a dancing baby on your monitor and you can’t put it away. First, you get irritated. The next thing you know you can’t open any files. Because your files are already empty. You start to panic and try to go online but you can’t get through. There’s a password required for your access. You scream. You just couldn’t believe it. You’ve been hacked! All your work for the past few days, weeks, months or even a year are gone in just a matter of a single negligence. How many systems have been a victim to these cyber crimes? Countless. How many people have been victims to cyber crimes? Still countless.

But this scenario can be prevented if we know what to do. There are many ways to protect your computer and your files. Here are some helpful tips for your computer’s protection.

Turn your computer off. Don’t leave your computer unattended because your computer is vulnerable for attacks that way.

Negligence causes accidents. If they can’t reach you, they can’t harm you. When your system is unavailable there’s nothing for them to hack, right?

Don’t run unknown sites or programs. Many anti-virus programs have this feature in them, where it will scan through your emails for you. Don’t be so curious. Check your downloaded files and your e-mail attachments before you open an unfamiliar message or site. That way you can avoid hitching a virus or a worm. Many hackers can easily get an access through e-mail attachments. If any suspicious emails appear on your email ad, it is best not to open it or might as well delete it.

Use a personal Firewall. A firewall is a system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network. Firewalls can be implemented in both hardware and software, or a combination of both. Always keep your Firewall on. It serves as an obstruction to unwanted access to your computer. Always keep your Firewall on because it serves as an obstruction to unwanted access to your computer. It helps or improves your connection to the internet as well as it keeps tracks of the things that you receive and send out of your computer. It will keep you updated of what you have been doing with your computer.

Have a highly breached password. If you have valuable files that you know that is valuable enough to be hacked, then get a precisely unpredictable password. This way, hackers would have to buy some time just to get through your files. A strong password is enough to secure your entire profiles as well as your files.

Spare time for Back-ups. A removable disk will always come in handy if you really want to secure your computer and everything inside it in case of any mischief that could occur. This would actually save your files and every valuable items in your computer, not only from cyber thieves but also on natural calamities such as an earthquake, floods, etc. As in any elements that could eventually destroy your computer.

Let us not get too comfy with the things that can possibly occur in the future. Some things are highly avoidable if you choose to avoid it. Hackers and viruses have spread their means to be present as they are today. Don’t delay the chance of protecting your computer now. As what experts would always say, “the best way to cure an ailment is prevention.”

If you are one of the victim of hacking or cyber theft, you may need the assistance of an internet lawyer.

9 Essential Tips to Protect Your Small Business From Information Security Threats

Last week we spoke of why small business owners should be concerned about information security.

Just take a look at these statistics from a recent Symantec (refer resources) survey of security issues affecting companies around the globe during 2012:

• On average, Australian and US companies had data breaches that resulted in the greatest number of exposed or compromised records

• German companies were most likely to experience a malicious or criminal attack, followed by Australian and Japanese companies.

• At an average of 34,249, Australian companies have the highest number of breached records.

The risk and the damage that can be done:

Although strategies and technologies will vary between businesses, relative to their size, small businesses can take a big knock if they’re lax about internet and cyber security. A website being hacked or confidential information being stolen or corrupted can wind up costing many thousands of dollars you almost certainly haven’t budgeted for.

The impact on your reputation and customer relationships is at stake, and breaches can land you with a law suit. It could cost you the loss of your business and more.

Types of breaches:

Breaches to security can occur in one of three ways: technical, physical and personnel.

Technical breaches include things like system failures, website or server hacking and security issues. The physical relates to physical access to the equipment used; the PC, laptop or even server equipment, and personnel refers to those who work with or for you.

To ensure maximum security and reduce the risk of breaches and access to private information, here are our top tips for minimising your exposure to risk in each of the three main areas.

Technology

1. Ensure that your servers, computers and mobile devices have anti-virus, malware, firewalls and spyware correctly installed and updated to the latest version.

2. It is essential that you look into more specific technologies, such as encryption software to ensure the protection of customer information and prevent theft during transactions, utilise external payment processing company, such as PayPal.

3. Keep your technological systems up to date. Ensure that you’re running the latest operating system, your database is protected and you regularly update your system. Manufacturers regularly update the security and protection inbuilt into the system so keep updated to ensure maximum security.

Policy and Processes

1. Access to equipment needs to be restricted, not only from those who are regularly in the area in which you work; whether this is from home or a small office, but also from external visitors.

2. Keep your equipment hidden from view and ensure you have strict policy around screen locks and passwords. Changing passwords regularly and ensuring passwords differ between equipment, accounts and other system access will help improve security.

3. Where possible, set your system up so that strong passwords are enforced, not just suggested, and force password changes for yourself and others on a regular basis.

Personnel

1. It’s essential that only the people who genuinely need access get that access. Limit it to as few people as possible.

2. Develop a systems usage and security policy, communicate it to everyone in your organisation and be seen to enforce it.

3. Personnel also need to be kept informed and up to date on security issues, new viruses and scams doing the rounds. Include this information in your policies and processes and regularly check to ensure your personnel are following all the updated security procedures.

Remember, no system, strategy or process is 100% secure. The best you can do is keep everything updated, layer your security measures and ensure your policies and processes are followed to reduce the risk of information security threats.